Senin, 14 Januari 2013

simple future tenses


Pengertian Simple Future Tense

Simple future tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menyatakan aksi di masa depan dengan atau tanpa rencana.


Rumus Simple Future Tense

Adapun rumus simple future tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif berikut contoh-contoh kalimatnya dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.Jenis Kalimat  Rumus  Contoh Simple Future Tense
positif (+)            S + will + bare infinitive
 S + be+ going to + bare infinitive              I will shut up the window.
They are going to organize a seminar.
negatif (-)            S + will + not + bare infinitive
 S + be + not + going to + bare infinitive I won’t shut up the window.
They are not going to organize a seminar.
interogatif (?)    Will + S + bare infinitive
 Be + S + going to + bare infinitive ?          Will I shut up the window?
Are they going to organize a seminar?

Catatan:

Kata kerja yang digunakan merupakan transitive dan intransitive verb.


Contoh Simple Future Tense

Beberapa contoh simple future tense dengan fungsi-fungsinya adalah sebagai berikut.Fungsi    Contoh Simple Future Tense
Simple future tense untuk membuat keputusan secara spontan untuk melakukan sesuatu.         I think I’ll change my appearance.
 (Saya pikir saya akan merubah penampilan.)
You look nervous. I’ll give you a glass of water.
 (Kamu tampak cemas. Saya akan memberimu segelas air.)
Simple future tense untuk memerediksi masa depan (tanpa rencana).   The doom will not happen in 2012.
 (Kiamat tidak akan terjadi pada tahun 2012.)
Which hotels do you think will offer the best service?
 (Hotel yang mana yang kamu pikir akan menawarkan pelayanan terbaik?)
He’ll angry.
 (Dia akan marah.)
The sandstorm will come.
 (Badai pasir akan datang.)
I think he will pass.
 (Saya pikir dia akan lulus.)
Simple future tense dengan
verb be untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang telah direncanakan atau diputuskan sebelum berbicara; janji di masa depan.   I’ll be back soon.
 (Saya akan segera kembali.)
I’ll be there next week.
 (Saya akan disana minggu depan.)
Simple future tense dengan “going to” untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang telah direncanakan, diputuskan, atau diperkirakan akan terjadi berdasarkan bukti yang dimiliki sekarang.    I’m going to send this letter tomorrow.
 (Saya akan mengirimkan surat ini besok.)
He is going to go French to continue his study.
 (Dia akan pergi ke Perancis untuk melanjutkan sekolahnya.)

Future Tense
Future Tense atau Simple Future digunakan untuk menyatakan peristiwa yang Akan Terjadi. Future tense adalah tentang Nanti. Sesuatu arti katanya Future yaitu “Masa Depan”. Karena itu dalam Future Tense penggunaan kata Will, Shall yang artinya akan pastilah mendominasi.

Masih ingat pembagian Tenses dalam garis besar kan? Yes, ada 3 besar Tenses yaitu: Past, Present dan Future (Dulu, Kini, Nanti).

Pegang ini kuat-kuat:
 Setiap Future pasti pakai WILL atau SHALL, artinya AKAN. Namun ada juga yang namanya Past Future Tense nanti. Karena Past maka Will dan Shall nya pakai past juga yaitu “Would”, nanti kita pelajari lebih dalam di Past Future Tense. Oh ya, sesudah Will atau Shall atau Would pasilah diikuti bentuk 1 baik itu kata kerja atau kata kerja bantu.

Rumus Future Tense
Positif: S + will + V1
Negatif: S + will + not + V1
Tanya: Will + S + V1

Shall jarang digunakan. Bisanya Shall untuk Subject I dan We (I shall…, We shall….) dan tidak untuk yang lain. Tetapi lebih sering orang pakai I will.. dan We will.. Jadi untuk I dan We boleh pakai baik will atau shall. Sedangkan Subject yang lain seperti HE, SHE, IT, YOU, THEY, WE semuanya pakai Will. Kalau begitu, untuk mempermudah pemahaman saya HANYA akan gunakan WILL saja. Kan “WIL” itu enak toh? Itu tuh yang L nya satu! haha… becanda ya.

Contoh Kalimat Positif dalam Future Tense:
 -I will study
 -You will swim
 -They will visit Tokyo

Silahkan buat sendiri contoh Future Tense versi Anda ya. Buat dalam hati saja, lalu ucapkan sendiri, hehe.. Sengaja contoh saya persimple agar mudah dimengerti.
Future Tense Kalimat Negatif

Kalimat Negatif untuk Future Tense juga luar biasa mudah, jauh lebih mudah dibandingkan menjalankan Internet Marketing Indonesia misalnya, apa hubungannya? ya nda ada sih. sekali-sekali ngelantur agar nda bosan, toh pelajaran ini ringan kok..

-I will not study
 -You will not swim
 -They will not visit Tokyo

Mudah kan?
Future Tense Kalimat Tanya

Tinggal dibalik saja, Will nya di depan.

-Will You study?
 -Will You swim?
 -Will They visit Tokyo?

Tentunya karena Future Tense bicara “Akan” maka keterangan waktu berikut biasa ditambahkan: tomorrow, next month, three days to go, next year dan segala sesatu yang menunjukkan “akan” tersebut.

-You will swim together tomorrow
 -They will visit Tokyo next year
 -No one will stop us now from loving each other
 -I dont think They will come on time

Future Tense
Future Tense atau Simple Future digunakan untuk menyatakan peristiwa yang Akan Terjadi. Future tense adalah tentang Nanti. Sesuatu arti katanya Future yaitu “Masa Depan”. Karena itu dalam Future Tense penggunaan kata Will, Shall yang artinya akan pastilah mendominasi.

Masih ingat pembagian Tenses dalam garis besar kan? Yes, ada 3 besar Tenses yaitu: Past, Present dan Future (Dulu, Kini, Nanti).

Pegang ini kuat-kuat:
 Setiap Future pasti pakai WILL atau SHALL, artinya AKAN. Namun ada juga yang namanya Past Future Tense nanti. Karena Past maka Will dan Shall nya pakai past juga yaitu “Would”, nanti kita pelajari lebih dalam di Past Future Tense. Oh ya, sesudah Will atau Shall atau Would pasilah diikuti bentuk 1 baik itu kata kerja atau kata kerja bantu.

Kembali ke laptop!.
Rumus Future Tense
Positif: S + will + V1
Negatif: S + will + not + V1
Tanya: Will + S + V1

Shall jarang digunakan. Bisanya Shall untuk Subject I dan We (I shall…, We shall….) dan tidak untuk yang lain. Tetapi lebih sering orang pakai I will.. dan We will.. Jadi untuk I dan We boleh pakai baik will atau shall. Sedangkan Subject yang lain seperti HE, SHE, IT, YOU, THEY, WE semuanya pakai Will. Kalau begitu, untuk mempermudah pemahaman saya HANYA akan gunakan WILL saja. Kan “WIL” itu enak toh? Itu tuh yang L nya satu! haha… becanda ya.

Contoh Kalimat Positif dalam Future Tense:
 -I will study
 -You will swim
 -They will visit Tokyo

Silahkan buat sendiri contoh Future Tense versi Anda ya. Buat dalam hati saja, lalu ucapkan sendiri, hehe.. Sengaja contoh saya persimple agar mudah dimengerti.
Future Tense Kalimat Negatif

Kalimat Negatif untuk Future Tense juga luar biasa mudah, jauh lebih mudah dibandingkan menjalankan Internet Marketing Indonesia misalnya, apa hubungannya? ya nda ada sih. sekali-sekali ngelantur agar nda bosan, toh pelajaran ini ringan kok..

-I will not study
 -You will not swim
 -They will not visit Tokyo

Mudah kan?
Future Tense Kalimat Tanya

Tinggal dibalik saja, Will nya di depan.

-Will You study?
 -Will You swim?
 -Will They visit Tokyo?

Tentunya karena Future Tense bicara “Akan” maka keterangan waktu berikut biasa ditambahkan: tomorrow, next month, three days to go, next year dan segala sesatu yang menunjukkan “akan” tersebut.

-You will swim together tomorrow
 -They will visit Tokyo next year
 -No one will stop us now from loving each other
 -I dont think They will come on time
PRESENT TENSE
1. Simple Present Tense
     although present mean now (sekarang) but matter of in don't be interpreted that the action done at the moment. this tenses is used to express something that have the character of remain to, real truth or habit. Because often concerning occurence of past time, now and will come. This Tense at least having selected time description. English sentences generally must have subject (S) and  Predicate (P). Because that, all tenses formulatived like that.

 Formulas of Present Tense:
 (positive)    : S + V1 / S + V1 + O
 (Negative)    : S + do (es) not + V1
 (Interrogative)    : Do (es) + S + V1 ?
 If in the sentence have not another verb, so we use verb to be.
 Affirmative (+): S + Be (am, is, are)
 Affirmative (-)    : S + Be (am, is, are) + not
 Affirmative (?): Be (am, is, are) + S

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
  1.  I drink milk.
 2. A postman delivers letters.
 3.    A Man walks with his feet.
 (Negative)    :
     I do not drink milk.
     A Postman do not delivers letters.
     The Man do not walks with his feet.
 (Interrogative)    :
     Do You drink milk?
     Does Postman delivers letters?
     Does The Man walk with his feet?
 (Affirmative)    :
 (+)    : I am busy.
 (-)    : I am not busy
 (?)    : Are you busy?

2. Present Continuous Tense
     This Tense is used to express something really action is doing in this time. sentences in this tense a more regular weared than present tense.
 Formulas of Present Continuous Tense:
 (positive)    : S + Be (am, is are) + V ing (present participle)
 (Negative)    : S + Be (am, is are) + not + V ing
 (Interrogative)    : Be (am, is, are) + S + V?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     I am sitting on a chair.
     It is raining now.
     We are studying English
 (Negative)    :
     I am not sitting on a chair.
     It is not (isn’t) raining now.
     We are not (aren’t) studying English.
 (Interrogative)    :
     Is it raining now?
     Are you studying English?
 Interrogative word “When” (kapan) don’t be used in Present Contionuous Tense if except is meant express to action which immediately and surely (immediatc future). Example:
     When are you coming back?
 There are some selected verb which may not be used in Present Continuous Tense though actions is really done nowadays and is instead weared sentence in Present Tense. the verbs for example are see, hear, smell, forget, remember, know, understand, like want, hate, care, etcetera. Examples:
     “I know the lesson now”    Not    “I am knowing the lesson”
     “Do you understand now?”    Not    “Are you understanding now?”

3. Present Perfect Tense
     This is Tense which was generally assumed most was difficult to comprehended. To overcome this matter is we have to recognize marking of Tense this. Present Perfect Tense Of dot weigh against at "It have or have its" an action "is not at time doing" action. or equally Present Perfect Tense don't make account of when the happening of an action but the haveness of action done. Therefore this Tense have never followed by time description. Examples:
 False        : I have read this book yesterday.
 True        : I have read this book already (Present Perfect Tense)
 Or        : I read this book yesterday (Simple Past Tense)
     Ad for possibly cause this Tense is confused with Past Tense.
 Formulas of Present Perfect Tense:
 (positive)    : S + have (has) + V3 (past participle)
 (Negative)    : S + have (has) + not + V3
 (Interrogative)    : Have (has) + S + V3?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     You have told me before.
     She has never seen a tiger.
     They have been to Japan many times.
 (Negative)    :
     You have not told me about it.
     She has not seen that film yet.
     They have not been to Japan.
 (Interrogative)    :
     Have you told me before?
     Has she met you before?
     Have they been to Japan?

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
     If an action started past time but still is doing till now hence us use sentence in the form of Present Perfect Continuous Tense. This Tense is weared if Verb is including Static Nature (bersifat tetap).
     Such as: Stand, Sleep, Lie, Study ,etc. that verbs usually used in Present Perfect Tense. Comparing:
     I have read this book (Saya sudah membaca buku ini). which intended to you may borrow him or interrogate me concerning the book content because I have read its.
 Unlike:
     I have been reading this book for a month. with the meaning I have read this book during one unfinished months but and still I will continue.
 Formula of Present Perfect Continuous Tense:
 S + have (has)  been + V ing

PAST TENSE
1. Simple Past Tense
     is used to express an old world action that happened. Way past tense form depend on type of second Verb. first way added d or of ed at second verb (regular verb). Second way in generally change the vowel sounds (irregular verb).

 Formula of Simple Past Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + V2 (preterite)
 (Negative)    : S + did not (didn’t) + V1
 (Interrogative)    : Did + S + V1 ?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     I walked to school yesterday
    The girl ate much ice cream this morning
     They had a car last year
 (Negative)    :
     I didn’t walk to school yesterday
     The girl didn’t eat much ice cream this morning
     They didn’t have a car last year.
 (Interrogative)    :
     Did you walk to school this morning?
     Did she eat much ice cream this morning?
     Did They have a car last year?
2. Past Continuous Tense
     This Tenses is used to express an action which is happened in past time. and at the same time happened other action. This Tense emphasize is the happening of the action not its have.
 Formulas of Past Continuos Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + was/were + V ing (present participle)
 (Negative)    : S + was/were + not + V ing
 (Interrogative)    : was/where + S + V ing?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     I was reading a newspaper
     The sun was shining brightly
     The children were playing football
 (Negative)    :
     I wasn’t reading a newspaper
     The sun wasn’t shining brightly
     The children weren’t playing football
 (Interrogative)    :
     Was I reading a newspaper?
     Was the sun shining brightly?
     Where the children playing football?

3. Past Perfect Tense
     It is the same with Past Continuos Tense nor selfsupporting as simple sentence but have to provide with Past Tense sentence. this used to express an action which have been done in past time.

 Formulas of Past Perfect Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + had + V3
 (Negative)    : S + had + not + V3
 (Interrogative)    : Had + S + V3?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     I had seen the film
     The man had been sick
     They had met her
 (Negative)    :
     I hadn’t seen the film
     The man  hadn’t been sick
     They hadn’t met her
 (Interrogative)    :
     Had you seen the film?
     Had The man been sick?
     Had they met her?

4. Past Perfect Continuos Tense
     Present participle of Past this Perfect like action which still take place past time when an other occurence cut.

 Formulas of Past Perfect Continuos Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + had been + V ing
 (Negative)    : S + had not + been + V  ing
 (Interrogative)    : Had + S + been + V ing?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     They had been living in France
     She had been sleeping
     They had been meeting
 (Negative)    :
     I hadn’t been living in France
     She hadn’t been sleeping
     They hadn’t been meeting
 (Interrogative)    :
     Had They been living in France?
     Had She had been sleeping?
     Had They been meeting?
FUTURE TENSE
1. Simple Future Tense
     This Tense is used to express an action to happen in the future.

 Formulas of  Simple Future Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + shall/will + V1
 (Negative)    : S + shall/will + not + V1
 (Interrogative)    : Shall/will + S + V1

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     I shall see you tonight
     He will speaks English well soon
     They will do their homework tomorrow
 (Negative)    :
     I will not  see you toninght
     He will not speaks English well soon
     They will not do their homework
 (Interrogative)    :
     Will you see her tonight?
     Will  he speaks English well soon?
     Will they  do their homework?

 A lot have a notion that Future Tense can be expressed by "be going to". This not entirely correctness, because "going to" usually not express future the purification but containing certainty or intention the speaker. Examples:
     He is going to do his homework
     I am going to marry you
 Comparing with:
     He will do his homework as soon as his mother asks him
     I will marry you if I have enough money
 Future by "going to" seldom accompany another Clause (anak kalimat). because if that way, no longger show someone desire. While Future with shall/will often respective another clauses.
2. Future Continuous Tense
     This Tense is used to express estimated to action underway at the time of selected is future or there is happened other action.

 Formulas of  Future Continuous Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + shall/will be + V ing
 (Negative)    : S + shall/will + not + be + V ing
 (Interrogative)    : Shall/will + S + Be + V ing?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     I will be sleeping at 12 o’clock tonight
 (Negative)    :
     I will not  be sleeping toninght
 (Interrogative)    :
     Will you be sleeping tonight?

3. Furure Perfect Tense
     This Tense is used to express an estimated action have been done at the selected time in future or if there are any other action.

 Formulas of  Future Perfect Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + shall/will have + V3
 (Negative)    : S + shall/will + not + have + V3
 (Interrogative)    : Shall/will + S + have + V3?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     You will have spoken English well.
 (Negative)    :
     You will not have spoken English well.
 (Interrogative)    :
     Will  You have spoken English well?

4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
     This Tense is weared to express an estimated action will come in selected future period or if there are any happened other action. This Tense seldom wear.

 Formulas of  Future Perfect Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + shall/will have been + V ing
 (Negative)    : S + shall/will + not + have been + V  ing
 (Interrogative)    : Shall/will + S + have been + V ing?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     He will have been teaching for 30 years next January.
 (Negative)    :
     He will not have teaching for 30 years next January.
 (Interrogative)    :
     Will  He have been teaching for 30 years next January?

PAST FUTURE TENSE
1. Past Future Tense
     This Tense generally only used in Conditional (Kalimat Pengandaian) or Reported Speech (Kalimat tidak langsung).

 Formulas of  Past Future Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + should/would + V1
 (Negative)    : S + should/would not + V1
 (Interrogative)    : Should/would + S + V1?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     If I were you, I should marry her. (Conditional)
     He said that He would go abroad this week (Reported Speech)
 (Negative)    :
     I should not marry her.
 (Interrogative)    :
     Would you marry her?

2. Past Future Continuous Tense
     This Tense is weared very rare and if there are any, only met in Reported Speech.

 Formulas of  Past Future Continuous Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + should/would be + V ing
 (Negative)    : S + should/would not be + V ing
 (Interrogative)    : Should/would + S + be + V ing?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     They told us that they would be having dinner.
 (Negative)    :
     They would not be having dinner.
 (Interrogative)    :
     Would they be having dinner?

3. Past Future Perfect Tense
     This Tense intrinsically only weared in Conditional (kalimat Pengandaian) as main clause for expressing unreal past (lampau tak nyata).
 Formulas of  Past Future Perfect Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + should/would have + V3
 (Negative)    : S + should/would + have + not +V3
 (Interrogative)    : Should/would + S + have + V3?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     You would have met a lot of friends if you attended the party last night.
 (Negative)    :
     You would have not met a lot of friends.
 (Interrogative)    :
     Would you have met a lot friends?
4. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense
     This Tense is used very rare even in Reported Speech even if.

 Formulas of  Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense:
 (Positive)    : S + should/would have been + V ing
 (Negative)    : S + should/would + have not + been +V ing
 (Interrogative)    : Should/would + S + have been + V ing?

 Examples:
 (Positive)    :
     Her baby would have been sleeping for hours when she arrived home.
 (Negative)    :
     Her baby would have not been sleeping for hour when she arrived home.
 (Interrogative)    :
     Would Her baby have been sleeping for hour when she arrived home?a

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